Clean energy is fast gaining traction at a time when carbon emissions and glasshouse gases are wreaking havoc on the world’s ecology. Since 2011, two-thirds of the world’s solar power capacity has been built. This is because experts have advised using solar panels in business buildings and residential ones. The expenses of having a solar panel installation have also progressively decreased, and you may always attempt the DIY alternative to keep costs low.
Furthermore, installing a solar panel yourself could be a cost-effective and pleasant experience; you may save a large amount of money by eliminating professionals from the equation and taking pleasure in your craftsmanship. If you’re wondering how to install solar panels, here’s a step-by-step guide to installing a solar panel on your property.
The Step-By-Step Guide to Solar Panel Installation
Whether you are doing a solar hot water installation or just a simple solar panel installation for your household electricity source, you must know what you are doing. This ensures that your effort and money will not go to waste.
Step #1: Collect Solar Energy Components
It all starts with assembling the fundamental components of solar panels. You’ll require four essential components: a battery pack, an inverter, a charge controller, and solar panels. You will also need fuses, an MC4 connection, a metre, and a breaker in addition to these materials. It’s critical to familiarise yourself with the instructions for the solar panel module since a solar panel for water and other electrically generating appliances is different. Before installing a solar panel, selecting a set that will be adequate to power the appliances you wish to use is essential.
Step #2: Determine Your Electricity Load
Before beginning the solar panel installation process, assessing how much energy you consume at home is critical. You should make a list of the household items you utilise regularly, such as the fans, lights, television, and so on. Incorporate the amount of time these appliances are used in a day. Examine the specification table for your home electric appliances to determine their utilisation length, run time, and power rating.
Step #3: Choose and Charge a Battery
One significant disadvantage of solar power is that it does not supply energy after the sun goes down. However, by utilising a battery, you may solve this issue. A lithium-ion or lead-acid battery stores and releases solar electricity produced throughout the day. If you choose the best battery storage capacity, this will give you a consistent source of energy. To manage your battery’s charge, you’ll require a power controller. These are installed between the battery and the panels. Such controllers are often equipped with a tiny LED light which indicates the battery’s charging status and controls the power that goes into the battery.
Step #4: Install The Inverter
Solar panels generate direct currents, while electrical appliances operate on alternating current. An inverter is a gadget that allows you to utilise electrical equipment without adaptors. Inverters are available in various power wattages and kinds, such as pure sine-wave inverters, modified sine-wave, and square wave. Modified sine waves are incompatible with some appliances, like refrigerators, while square waves are incompatible with all devices. As a result, a pure sine wave inverter is the ideal option for your solar panels.
Step #5: Install Your Solar Panels On Your Roof
You may begin attaching the solar panels when the inverters, controller, and battery are complete. Choose the optimum location for the panels on the roof or on open land that gets an uninterrupted supply of solar radiation. You may either create your mounting stand or purchase one. The slope tilt of the mounting stand must be almost equivalent to your area’s latitude angle. The appropriate solar panel installation is essential for their maintenance and functioning. As a result, the panels must face the sun during the day.
Step #6: Connect the Solar Panels to the Battery
The solar panels must be linked to the battery. Some PV systems have them coupled, so you do not have to do anything more. When a single unit is not provided, parallel and series connections must be made. A series connection is formed by connecting one device’s positive terminal to another’s negative terminal. Meanwhile, a parallel connection connects one device’s negative terminal to the other’s negative terminal.
Step #7: Install Battery And Inverter
With an inverter and battery stands, your domestic solar system is complete. Again, you have the choice of constructing or purchasing the stands. Once the battery and inverter placements have been determined, you may begin working on the wiring. Begin by connecting the controller. The controller is connected to the solar panels through the first connector from the left. The second connector is used to connect the battery to the controller.
A solar panel is essential for powering homes and businesses without monthly costs. They may also be utilised for other applications, including remote sensing, communication devices, remote electrical systems in cabins, and many more. As a result, following these instructions may help you install a solar panel in your home. In addition, the hefty solar panel installation expenses will be repaid later since solar energy is not only clean but also a cost-effective investment.